Contents

In Part 1 the need for a clinical thermometer in the home was explained, and in this final part the areas of the body used for temperature measurement are explained together with the types of thermometer available and how they should be used.

Clinical Thermometers and Children's Health - Part II

Clinical Thermometers and ChildrenCopyright 2006 Peter NisbetBody temperature is usually measured by indirectly measuring the temperature of the blood. Its accuracy is dependent on both the equipment used and the area of the body used for the measurement. Several factors can affect the accuracy, among them recent exercise, how wrapped up (or bundled) a young child has been and even the environmental temperature.Rectal temperature is the most accurate of the common methods, but I do not recommend untrained people use this method with children. It can also be inaccurate since rectal temperature responds very slowly to quick changes in core body temperature. For these reasons I shall not dwell on this method. Children also frequently object to it.The best option for children under three months old is probably an axillary reading. If you want one thermometer to do all jobs, I would go for an ordinary digital thermometer and restrict the measurements to armpit and oral.An armpit (axillary) measurement is the easiest and most familiar method, but is the most inaccurate. The measuring area of the thermometer has to be directly over the axillary artery, and this is not easy to achieve with squirming children. If the child is older, oral measurement is simple and more accurate than the armpit.The most accurate method is by use of a modern tympanic thermometer, which measures temperature in the ear canal. This is very close to core temperature and modern types are not affected by ear wax. They are more accurate than rectal measurements, but not recommended for children under three months. However, please bear in mind that a parent is not expected to make an accurate measurement: just sufficient to decide if a doctor should be called. As I state below any temperature of 38C (100.4F) or above warrants this.Types Of ThermometerGlass thermometers have been largely superseded by digital types, and are much safer to use with children and just as accurate. They are designed for specific uses such as tympanic, rectal and oral/axillary. Were I just starting up a family again, I would go the expense of a tympanic type, but my kids are now grown up and there is no need, so I use a standard digital thermometer for oral and armpit use.There are plastic strip or dot thermometers available, which are stuck to the skin and change colour to indicate temperature. These are very inaccurate and useful only to indicate if a childs temperature is higher than normal or not. They may indicate a fever, but not what the temperature actually is. They do the same job as the hand on the forehead.You can also get thermometers shaped like babys pacifiers, or dummies. These are also inaccurate since they need to stay in the mouth for a certain period of time which, as most mothers know, is just about impossible!Of all the types of thermometer on the market, the ear, or tympanic, type is the most accurate. However, most parents will find a standard digital thermometer to be financially more viable and able to meet most parents requirements. Once a doctor has been called, he will be able to make a much more accurate measurement. Your job is to be equipped to carry out the initial measurement which indicates to you whether or not you should call a doctor.If your childs temperature reaches 38C (100.4F) you should call a doctor. I personally would call a doctor rather than take the child to the surgery since there may be people there at special risk from whatever disease your child may have. Remember, a disease is often at its most infectious before the symptoms appear.How To Use A ThermometerAlways read the manufacturers instructions. There may be calibration instructions which are required before the first (sometimes every) use, and operating instructions. Many emit a signal when the measurement is complete, and some allow you to store readings. Some require the previous measurement to be cleared before making another. There are also usually specific cleaning and sterilising instructions.The instructions usually tell you when not to measure a childs temperature, such as immediately after exercise, after a bath or consuming hot or cold food or drink.Oral Readings: You are measuring the temperature of the blood in the lower surface of the tongue. Wait at least 15 minutes after eating and drinking then place the end of the thermometer under the tongue and ask the child to hold it steady with the tongue and lips, but not to bite. The measurement will be complete after 3 4 minutes.Axillary Readings: Here you are measuring the blood temperature in the axillary artery. You can locate the position of this artery with your fingertips. It is best to remove the clothing first, then place the tip of the thermometer over the artery. Fold the childs arm across the chest to hold the thermometer steady. Again, 3 4 minutes should be enough, though a digital thermometer will normally beep when measurement is complete.Rectal readings (if necessary): lubricate the tip of the thermometer with a suitable lubricant. If the instructions do not recommend one, your pharmacist will help. Lie the child face down on a suitable surface (changing table, bed or your lap with a small child), place your hand firmly near the base of the spine to hold him still then gently insert the thermometer probe about an inch into the anus (there should be no resistance if there is then stop. Do not try to force the thermometer). Cup your hand round the childs bottom with the thermometer held between the fingers to keep it still until the reading has been completed.

Multivitamins Benefits: Fact Or Fiction?

Multivitamins Benefits: Fact Or Fiction?

Many people nowadays take a multivitamin than any other health supplement. It is very uncommon to encounter someone who is not taking a multivitamin. Multivitamins are combinations of vitamins that are come in capsule, tablet, liquid, and injection form. These health supplements are used to treat vitamin deficiency in the body that can develop because of illness, pregnancy, poor diet, and other circumstances. Insufficient vitamins may lead to many lead to many health ailments like weakness, poor resistance to infection, shaky movements, confusion, and numbness. Taking multivitamins can reverse illness caused by vitamin deficiency. Although most people do not suffer from serious malnutrition, these people might be slightly lacking some nutrients. Consuming a multivitamin is an easy and safe way to achieve several health benefits from many nutrients without having to take several pills everyday. In addition, the human body vitamins to function properly. Essential vitamins (A, C, D, E,K, B12 and the seven B-complex vitamins) provide the important components for proper bodily functions. People of all ages can benefit from taking a multivitamin. Growing children need nourishment for their organs and healthy bones. Elderly people need multivitamins because their bodies become less efficient in absorbing vitamins and minerals from food because of age. Pregnant women have special nutritional needs so their children might be born healthy. There are many formulas for different kinds of people and aid in the promotion of good health. Another benefit of taking multivitamins is it helps eliminate stress. There are many stress formulations that can lead to improved mental health. Many health studies claim that taking a multivitamin everyday can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease and certain cancers. The best source of vitamins and minerals is from food. Although there is nothing wrong with taking a multivitamin, if individuals eat well, taking a basic multivitamin will not be necessary. In addition, some synthetic vitamin components can cause toxic build up in the human body and cause several health problems. Vitamin overdose have been linked to liver problems, weakened bones, and premature mortality. Individuals who decide to take multivitamin supplements should be wary in purchasing the right multivitamin or dietary supplement. Several health claims promoted by many health companies are doubtful and baseless. Many of multivitamins out in the market contain lycopene, a substance that is thought to prevent certain kinds of cancer. But many cancer specialists oppose this claim. Subsequent studies conducted by the Food and Drug Administration show that the potentially protective role of lycopene might be contradictory of inconclusive. There are no solid evidence that exists that tomatoes prevent lung, breast cancer, cervical or uterine cancer. While there are very limited evidence that lycopene can reduce the risk of prostate, gastric, and ovarian cancer. The FDA study adds that it's possible that tomatoes and lycopene could be helpful in preventing more advanced stage cancer, but may have no effect on the earlier-stage. Despite many health warnings, the quest for the right multivitamin still uncontrollable. Individuals who decide to take multivitamins should consult doctors to know the right amounts of vitamins and minerals that should be consumed. Side effects and drug interactions that may occur while taking medical supplementation should also be known. Understanding the health benefits and possible adverse effects of multivitamins can lead to improved overall health.

Identifying Strep Throat Symptoms

Identifying Strep Throat Symptoms

Strep throat symptoms are usually easy to spot. Strep throat is a local bacterial infection with group A streptococcus bacteria. Strep throat needs specific medical treatment that consists of antibiotics and analgesics. Unlike the symptoms of sore throat, strep throat symptoms are more intense and often include fever, headaches, inflammation of the tonsils and swelling of the lymph nodes. Sore throat is caused by viral infections and in most cases doesnt need special medical care. On the other hand, strep throat is considered to be a serious illness that can lead to complications. (sinusitis, tonsillitis) and therefore needs appropriate treatment and special medical care.The bacteria responsible for causing strep throat are very contagious and they can be contracted by sneezing, coughing or physical contact. A person infected with group A streptococcus bacteria can easily contaminate other persons simply by breathing close to them. The bacteria responsible for strep throat are airborne and even an impeccable personal hygiene cant prevent the infection from occurring. Anyone can get strep throat, especially accompanied by a cold or flu. Although strep throat mostly occurs in children and teenagers, adults can get strep throat just as well. The first "strep throat symptoms" resemble those of sore throat: throat pain and discomfort, inflammation of the tonsils, nausea, fatigue and poor appetite. However, strep throat symptoms are more intense and in many cases include: high fever, throat swelling and inflammation, difficulties in swallowing, swelling and inflammation of the tonsils (sometimes the tonsils may be covered in pus), swelling and tenderness of lymph nodes (the glands in the upper region of the neck), the presence of white patches in the throat, rash, abdominal pain and discomfort, vomiting and diarrhea. Most strep throat symptoms arent very serious and if an appropriate treatment is prescribed in time, they ameliorate within the first days of treatment. Strep throat symptoms that are considered to be medical emergencies are: high fever, severe dehydration, pronounced difficulty in swallowing, difficulty in breathing, pronounced swelling of the neck, throat bleeding. It is very important to quickly seek medical help when you reveal the presence of these strep throat symptoms. Even if the strep throat symptoms arent very serious, it is advised to maintain permanent connection with your physician and inform him about the progression of the illness. With appropriate antibiotic treatment, strep throat symptoms should be considerably diminished after the first 3-4 days. If the illness persists and strep throat symptoms dont seem to ameliorate, the doctor might consider changing the treatment. Pay careful attention to strep throat symptoms and make sure you follow the doctors exact indications. Also, dont interrupt the treatment unless your physician tells you to do so. Strep throat needs at least ten days of continuous treatment with antibiotics in order to heal properly.

Try An Ionic Foot Bath To Detox And Cleanse The Body

Try An Ionic Foot Bath To Detox And Cleanse The Body

In todays times we live in a very toxic environment. The pollution in the air, the chemicals in our food, the water we drink and even the clothes we wear. At any given moment you may be exposed to toxins and heavy metals. These toxins accumulate in the body and can be stored in your fat cells, which tend to want to hang on to them.A good way to release toxic build up in your body is to sweat such as in a sauna or hot bath. But for most busy people, they do not have the time to spend hours in the sauna for the best results. Plus that may be a bit too uncomfortable and when used for detoxification should be supervised by a licensed practitioner. There is an easy alternative more and more people are finding great success with to rid your body of these unwanted toxins. That is the use of ionic detox footbaths. This is not your ordinary footbath. Ionic Detox footbaths work by sending a small current that goes in a circuit through the body and generates positively charged ions. The high concentration of the ion field attaches to the negatively charged toxins neutralizing them and the body is then able to discard them through the approximate 2000 pores that are on the bottom of your feet. You can then experience the correct acid-alkaline ph balance as nature intended. Its painless and takes about 30 minutes. People who should not use this footbath are people with pace makers or who have organ transplants or expectant or nursing mothers.Most Americans are in somewhat of an acid state. Our bodies are not in the natural ph balance that it should be. The result is that you are now left open to various diseases. A body that is in its natural alkaline-acid ph balance will be able to fight off the daily onslaught the body receives. This is a very important activity, especially if you are recovering from illness or post surgery!The body has its own electrical field and if is too positively charged you are in an acid state. You can find out your own ph balance by going to your local health food store or drug store and purchase test strips. They are easy to use and show you in seconds if you are acid or alkaline.Detox footbaths can assist in the following areas:1) Enhancing the immune system2) Assist in recovery time from injuries and surgery3) Can relieve pain and joint stiffness due to arthritis4) Improves sleep pattern5) Remove heavy metals6) Removes blood clot material7) Improve liver and kidney functionDuring the use of an ionic foot bath the color of the water changes. The various colors can tell you what area the body may be detoxing. Black or brown water is the liver.Orange; the joints.Dark green; the gallbladderYellowy green; kidneys, urinary tract, White foam; Lymph nodes drainingRed flecks; blood clot materialBlack flecks; heavy metalsThe color of the water may be different for each individual due to water you use such as city water, well water, mineral water and the state of your health. When you put the copper array into water by itself you may see color changes in the water such as a brownish color. But it is the oily residue floating on the top that determines if you are getting rid of unwanted toxins in the body. The more you use the machine the less you will have yucky build up in the water. An important part of using this system is to make sure you are properly hydrated. Drink plenty of good water (not distilled) before and during the session is very important as well as the use of colloidal minerals and electrolytes. This ensures better conductivity.After only one use you may experience renewed energy and vitality. You owe it to yourself and family to regain better health and try using a detox footbath!"Nothing in this article makes any claim to offer cures or treatment of any disease or illness. If you are sick please consult with your doctor."

Strength Train For A Longer Life

Benefits Strength training can be beneficial for all age groups. It is a great form of exercise that can really improve quality of life and help fight off disease and injury.A lot of the health benefits you get from exercise in general can be derived through strength training. It decreases risk of cardiovascular disease and increases insulin sensitivity to name a few.Strength training can be really beneficial to mental health. It is a good stress reliever. Throwing some metal around is a great way to unwind after a hard day at the office.It has great benefits on the musculoskeletal system and can help treat and prevent back pain, knee, ankle and shoulder problems. Strengthening the muscles around a joint can help take the strain off joints. The knee is a great example, by strengthening quadriceps and hamstring muscles you are taking some of the load off the joint.Strength Training for the Elderly Strength training is a great form of exercise for an elderly population. Falls are a big issue in elderly, and fractured pelvis can have a shocking effect on an elderly person's life. Strength training is beneficial in helping to prevent falls. The stronger you are, the more easily you catch yourself if you are off balance. Strength training also increases bone density, which means if you have a fall you are less likely to break as bone.Strength training can involve unilateral exercises. These are basically exercises done on 1 leg, such as lunges, single leg squats, standing hip extension and abduction. By standing on one leg you are challenging balance. Maintaining your balance as you age is a big part of preventing falls.Strength Training for Athletes Virtually all sports have some dependence on maximal strength. It underpins performance in almost every sport. Sports such as football and rugby have an obvious need for a high level of maximal strength, but all sports from tennis to baseball rely on it to help improve performance.Athletes use a variety of methods in "strength training" . Machine weights, free weights, dumbells, barbells, kettleballs, resistance bands are all available and useful tools in helping developing strength.Strength training can not only enhance athletic performance, it can also help prevent injury. Most sports involve large amounts of force being produced and also absorbed by the body. Strength training can prepare ligaments, muscles and tendons to cope this high level of force experienced during sport.A good strength training program also ensures that proper balance is maintained between muscle groups. Correct balance between opposing muscle groups ensures good posture, which leads to efficient movement, as well as helping prevent injury.

Autism: Educating the Child and the Parents

Have you ever felt difficulty in expressing yourself? Have you ever come across a point in your life when words are not enough to give justice to what you feel?EducationThey say that knowledge is power. This is one power that cannot be divested or taken away from you. It is also only through proper education and training that a person can get hold of knowledge.A person equipped with the knowledge and enough drive to pursue a field or goal can easily fulfill his or her potential. You can climb the corporate ladder. You can influence people. You can gain enough respect and reputation.If knowledge is really the key, what about the others whose conditions would not allow it? Take autism for example. Its cause up to now is still not definite but it has been perceived by many people as disabling.AutismAutism is actually a condition that involves nerve development. The discrepancy of the development manifests in the behavior of the kid: communication, social skills and repetitive mannerisms. Autistic children often fail to respond to the world around them. As such, they are regarded for having a world of their own.However, this is not to be regarded as a disease or ailment that will render the person entirely incapable. Some families that have a child diagnosed with autism undergo depression, withdrawal or despair. Parents get too engrossed with the problem that they overlook the alternatives. The special conditions or the limitations of a child with the autistic syndrome may be addressed properly.The worry over providing the proper care and education to an autistic child is one of the many obstacles that will have to be confronted. As such for any family dealing with the condition, it is important to provide early interventions so as to facilitate a faster progress.Providing Education to Autistic ChildrenThere are many teaching methods that have been developed to address the situation of autistic children. The method would of course depend on the needs and capabilities of the child, whether the autism is mild or not.Primarily, the parents think it is best to send the child to a special education institution if the local school does not have a special program. Institutions focusing on autism will also help in providing autism-specific classrooms. In such instances, the teacher will focus to the needs of the autistic child. There would be no other disorders to be addressed. It is also best to keep the teacher from being stressed or overworked. The teacher must be emotionally and physically up and about.Also, there are cases of autism that will still make it helpful to attend regular schools. Some school districts have provided support to make the teachers and student body more aware of such situations. Some parents of autistic kids also work together to ensure that the needs of the kids will be met within the school boundaries.Finally, we should constantly remind ourselves that education starts at home. The parents must properly comprehend and grasp the situation of the child. They should also consider the aspects and effects of the autistic condition and how they can properly address the development of the child. These are some of the few things that must be aimed for: understanding the behavior, knowing the proper response, encouraging new ones, dealing with the social problems, working and playing together.There should also be considerable cooperation between the parents and the teachers or professionals to ensure that the problems of the child will be addressed. Parents should know the learning styles of the child and keep themselves informed of the various strategies that would help the child succeed.Getting the kid in the appropriate educational institution would be very helpful. Still it is the family that will reinforce and support the child to progress.We are living in a very fast world. The world keeps getting smaller and smaller as technologies are improved and knowledge is progressed. It is very easy to amuse ourselves, to fulfill our needs and even get what we want. However, in this fast-paced life not everyone will be able to catch up. Some may be left behind, not because they choose to be, but because their conditions limit them.We should not limit this world only to the able. We should also learn to embrace and enable those who are limited by their existence.

Summary

In Part 1 the need for a clinical thermometer in the home was explained, and in this final part the areas of the body used for temperature measurement are explained together with the types of thermometer available and how they should be used.